Pinzgauers should have unified body structures, a deep and wide but not too wide chest firm shoulders and good depth and length of flank. There should be a long, wide pelvis with well muscled hindquarters and good development of the valuable beef cuts. The upper line should be firm but not stiff.
Colour and Marking
The basic colour is reddish brown and while the deeper pigments are preferable, lighter and darker brown variations may occur. The entire area of the non-pigmented part should be predominantly the Pinzgauer's typically white markings, beginning on the withers and extending over the back, the spine, tail and belly, as well as appearing on the front and back legs. The white should not be dominant and especially behind the shoulders, the brown colour should not be interrupted. Hooves should be dark. White coloured legs and hooves are not permitted.
An elastic, but not too thin skin is desirable. Dewlaps should not be too large.
In summer, the hair should be short, sleek and shiny, Curly and very coarse hair is undesirable.
Should be of medium size, not longish or dished and the muzzle should be wide and straight. Undershot or overshot jaw is not permitted.
Eyes should not protrude and. the eyebrow should be prominent and should hood the eye. Ears should be oval, not round.
Shoulder should be long and sloping, with shoulder blades smooth against the body, not be too broad, flat on top, well covered and filled behind the shoulder. The points should not be prominent especially in Bulls.
The legs should be robust (not coarse) and dry (flexible), Feet should be large and deep at the heel and the hooves dark, hard and closed. The ability to stand correctly and walk freely with an adequately angled (not spongy) hock (the tibia should enter the hock at an angle of 130-145 degrees) is also part of these requirements.
Loinsshould be broad thick and well covered with flesh
Ribs should be well sprung, deep and well covered with flesh
The rump should be slightly rounded and well developed with good length hip to pin. Rump is to be full and extend well down to hocks. Thighs and round should be thick.
Deep twist, high tail-heads and short length hip to pin are objectionable.
Flanksshould be full and deep
Genital Organs in Bulls
Testes should be well developed, of equal size and hang evenly. The sheath should be evenly attached and not pendulous.
One high or non-descended Testicle, poorly attached or pendulous Sheath or protruding Penis is objectionable.
The udder should be glandular, firmly suspended, equally quartered and should have a good capacity. It should amply reach to the front and to the back, but not hinder movement. The teats should be equally spread out and properly sized in order to ensure that the calf can be fed without any problems, particularly during the first few days after birth.
Poorly attached, pendulous or unevenly developed udders are undesirable. Overly large teats are undesirable.
Cattle should be docile but alert. Nervous or agitated cattle are not desirable.
REASONS FOR EXCLUSION FROM THE HERD BOOK
- Extreme sway-back
- Extreme hump-back
- Steep Legs
- Weak fetlocks
- Poor musculature
- Poor bone development
- No pigment on eye rims
– Purebred or Fullblood animals displaying the following colour faults can only be registered as an F3.
- White legs or white leg marking down hock and reaching the hoof.
- White Hoof
- Base colour not as per Standards of Excellence
- Black muzzle and nose.
- Undershot jaw
- Overshot jaw
- Twisted Muzzle
Defects of Reproductive Organs
- Out of Condition
- Wedge head
- Any deviation from the standard on all colouration
- Narrow mouth
- Mongolian eyes
- Narrow Chest
- Narrow rib-cage
- Barrel rib-cage
- Loose shoulders
- Loaded shoulders
- Coarse shoulders
- Steep shoulders
- Elbow turned inwards
- Elbow turned outwards
- Receding back
- Back high in rear
- Too sloping in pelvis
- Too narrow pin-bone
- Too narrow hook-bone
- Barrel legs
- Excessively dull hair
- High set tail
Structural Assessment of Pinzgauer Cattle
The purpose of a structural assessment system is to help breeders to identify problems in their cattle and give them the information to be able to eliminate faults and improve the quality of their herd and the breed in general. It also allows potential buyers of either live animals or semen, greater confidence in the soundness of animals that they may be considering purchasing.
When the structural assessment system has been applied to a number of generations, it provides information that allows breeders to select the right animal to use in breeding programs to strengthen certain aspects. The structural assessment can confirm soundness in the required aspects over a number of generations giving breeders confidence in the genetics.
How to use the Beef Class Structural Assessment System
The Beef Class Structural Assessment System uses a 1-9 scoring system for feet and leg structure:
Excellent – A score of 5 is ideal. (Note: Temperament Score of 1 is preferable).
Very Good – A score of 4 or 6 shows slight variation from ideal, but this includes most animals. An animal scoring 4 or 6 would be acceptable in any breeding program.
Good – A score of 3 or 7 shows greater variation but would be acceptable in most commercial programs. However, breeders should be vigilant and understand that this score indicates greater variation from ideal.
Poor – A score of 2 or 8 are low scoring animals and careful consideration should be given to how these animals are used.
Very Poor – A score of 1 or 9 should not be registered and are considered culls.
In addition, Pinzgauer cattle should have a Muscle Score B. This is as described in the NSW Dept of Primary Industries Primefact No 328, full copy attached as Appendix A.
Assessment of Cattle
There should be a progressive movement towards all Pinzgauer cattle being assessed but this will need to be implemented over a period of time.
Initially, Bulls, from whom semen is collected for sale, will need to be assessed together with progeny from that Bull prior to approval being given by the Society to the sale of semen. Such Bulls should be classified as Excellent or Very Good in all assessable criteria. Details of such assessments must be available and given to prospective buyers if requested.
It is also recommended that any Pinzgauer offered for sale should be accompanied by a Structural Assessment.
Assessments will be carried out by persons appointed from time to time by the Society. Independent assessments will ensure the integrity of the process.
Both Horned and Polled Pinzgauer cattle are acceptable. However, in line with the emphasis on making the breed more attractive to commercial breeders, there are advantages in moving towards a polled breed.
To ensure that a strong Poll factor is bred into Polled Pinzgauer cattle, two generations of Polled animals will be necessary before recognition is given in the Herd Book.
To record this, the following classifications will be introduced.
- Horned – any progeny that is Horned, irrespective of the classification of their parents.
- P1 – Any Polled progeny resulting from the mating of a Polled Parent and a Horned Parent.
- Polled – Any Polled progeny of resulting from the mating two Polled parents or resulting from the mating of one Polled Parent and one P1 Parent.